This procedure is used to repair minor damage to circuit base board material. Scrapes and scratches in the base board material may be caused by accidents during handling. Burns in the base material may be caused by improper use of soldering and desoldering tools.
Caution: This method may be used when the damage extends deep into the base material but not completely through. If the baseboard material is damaged completely through, see Procedure No. 3.5.2 or 3.5.3.
Caution: Surface circuits may need to be replaced in the damaged area. Be sure that the appropriate circuit diagrams or photographs reflecting the original circuits are available so that they may be replaced after repairing the base board material. Damage to internal circuits or planes may have to be restored using surface wires.
Minimum Skill Level - Advanced
Recommended for technicians with soldering and component rework skills and exposure to most repair/rework procedures, but lacking extensive experience.
Conformance Level - High
This procedure most closely duplicates the physical characteristics of the original, and most probably complies with all the functional, environmental and serviceability factors.
Scraper, Curved Tip
Hardened stainless steel tip for scraping solder mask and removing defects.
Additional Items and Supplies
General purpose cleaner for removing contamination.
Precision microscope with stand and lighting for work and inspection.
General purpose oven for drying, baking and curing epoxies.
Nonabrasive, low-linting wipes for cleanup.
Circuit Bond Epoxy
Circuit Bond is a clear, low viscosity, superior strength epoxy precisely measured out into two-compartment plastic packages, so it's easy to use, and there's no measuring. For over a decade, this high-strength epoxy has been qualified and used by thousands of high-rel electronics manufacturers across the globe.
Circuit Bond has a working pot life of 30 minutes. It should not be mixed until ready to use.
To use Circuit Bond, remove the plastic clip separating the resin and hardener. Squeeze back and forth from one half of the package to the other to mix the contents.
Cut a corner off the package and squeeze all the contents into a Plastic Cup. Stir the contents to ensure it is thoroughly mixed.
Circuit Bond may contain bubbles from the mixing process. If needed, use a vacuum system to remove bubbles.
Color Agent can be mixed in with Circuit Bond to match surface colors if desired.
Apply using a Foam Swab, Micro Probe, or Mixing Stick as required.
Cure Circuit Bond for 24 hours at room temperature or 4 hours at 65°C (150°F).
2 gram pre-measured packages
4 parts resin to 1 part hardener
Mix Ratio by Weight (R/H)
24 hours at room temp (25 °C) or 4 hours @ 65°C
Viscosity (after mixing)
Operating temperature range
-55°C to 135°C
88 Shore D
Lap Shear, Alum to Alum
Glass Transition Temperature, Ultimate
Coefficient of Expansion, cm/cm/°C
Dielectric Constant, 1KHz@25°C
6 months minimum
Color Agent is a one-part, air-drying, semi-paste ink commonly used to print hard surfaces, including circuit board base materials. Color Agent can be used to tint the color of epoxy used for solder mask repair or circuit baseboard repair. To use, mix a small amount of color agent with 2 part epoxy as the epoxy is initially mixed. Add more color agents to increase the color intensity if needed.
Figure 1: Scrape away damaged base board material with a knife.
Figure 2: Micro-Drill System.
Figure 3: An undercut, to enhance mechanical strength, may be desired for class 3 product.
Figure 4: Apply the epoxy with a mixing stick sharpened at the end.
Figure 5: For large areas, apply the epoxy with a foam swab to create a texture.
Figure 6. Completed repair.
Clean the damaged area.
Scrape away the damaged base board material using a knife. All damaged base board material and solder mask must be removed at the surface. (See Figure 1) or mill away the damaged base board material using the Micro-Drill System and ball mill. All damaged base board material and solder mask must be removed. (See Figure 2)
Note: To clearly see that all damaged material has been removed, flood the area with alcohol or solvent. Damaged internal fibers of the base material will show up clearly. Caution: Abrasion operations can generate electrostatic charges. Note: An undercut to enhance mechanical strength may be desired for a class 3 product. (See figure 3)
Remove all loose material and clean the area.
Where needed, apply High-Temperature tape to protect exposed parts of the circuit board. Note: The circuit Board may be preheated prior to filling the area with epoxy. A preheated PC board will allow the epoxy to easily flow and level out. Epoxy applied to an unheated circuit board may settle below the circuit board surface as the epoxy cures.
Mix the epoxy. If desired, add a color agent to the mixed epoxy to match the PC board color.
Fill the area with epoxy up to and flush with the circuit board surface. No fibers of laminate material should be exposed. A mixing stick sharpened at the end may be used to apply and spread the epoxy. For large areas, apply the epoxy with a foam swab to create a texture in the surface. (See Figures 4 and 5)
Note: A slight overfill of epoxy may be desired to allow for shrinkage when epoxy cures. Note: Epoxy may be applied using a foam swab to restore the surface appearance.
Cure the epoxy per Procedure 2.7 Epoxy Mixing and Handling. Caution: Some components may be sensitive to high temperatures.
After the epoxy has cured, remove the tape.
If needed, use a knife or scraper and scrape off any excess epoxy. Scrape until the new epoxy surface is level with the surrounding circuit board surface.
Remove all loose material. Clean the area. (See Figure 6) Note: If needed, apply an additional thin coating to seal any scraped areas.
Visual examination for texture and color match.
Electrical tests to conductors around the repaired area as applicable.
No excess epoxy covering circuits or sensitive areas.