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Circuitry and Plated Hole Repair

Circuitry and plated holes can become damaged during processing and rework. One method for repairing damaged circuitry uses the Foil Jumper Method. This method uses pure copper Circuit tracks. The replaced conductors are the same size as the original. This IPC recommended technique is preferable to making circuitry repairs with jumper wires because it more closely duplicates the original fabrication process.

Damaged plated through holes are repaired using eyelets. We have also refined an IPC recommended method for repairing damaged plated holes on multilayer circuit boards that have inner layer connections.
  • Circuitry and Plated Hole Repair
    Click the arrows to learn more.
  • This image shows circuitry and conductor damage, including damage to plated holes. During processing it's common for this type of damage to occur.
  • This illustration shows a damaged conductor with a section that has been lifted from the circuit board surface. Preview the remaining slides to learn how we complete this repair.
  • Step 1: We remove the damaged circuits and trim them back to a point where the conductors have a good bond to the circuit board surface. We remove loose material and clean the area.
  • Step 2. We select a Circuit Track to match the width and thickness of each conductor to be replaced. Then lap solder the first end. Learn more.
  • Step 3. The new circuits we use are pure copper and can be formed to match the original conductor path. As needed we carefully bend and shape the Circuit Track.
  • Step 4. We form the final shape and hold the replacement conductor in place with high temperature tape. We then lap solder the ends to the existing conductors as needed.
  • Step 5. We overcoat the new conductor with high-strength, high-temperature epoxy. We often add a color agent to the mixed epoxy to ensure the repair is a cosmetic match.
  • Step 6. To repair plated holes we drill out the damaged holes and select an eyelet that matches the hole dimensions. We use an alternate method on multi-layer circuit boards.
  • Step 7. We insert an eyelet into the drilled hole. If a new circuit is required, the new circuit may extend into the drilled hole and the flange of the eyelet will secure the new circuit in place.
  • Step 8. We use a precision eyelet press to properly set the eyelet and create a flat flange on both the top and bottom sides.
  • This photo shows the repaired conductors and plated holes. This high conformance level repair process follows documented IPC guidelines to ensure the repair is reliable and robust.
Circuitry and Plated Hole Rework
Occasionally errors in the circuit board fabrication process occur, or design changes are needed to upgrade circuit boards. Whatever the reason we can help you overcome the modification requirement. Common applications include adding gold edge contacts, rerouting signal connection, isolating vias and pads or adding an entire component footprint.
Purchase Order / Quote Request Form
To place your purchase order or quote request by phone call 978-374-5000. You may also place your purchase order or quote request using the form below.

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Related Guide Procedures

4.1.1 Lifted Conductor Repair, Epoxy Method
Procedure to repair lifted conductors and circuits.
4.1.2 Lifted Conductor Repair, Film Adhesive Method
Procedure to repair lifted conductors and circuits.
4.2.1 Conductor Repair, Foil Jumper, Epoxy Method
Procedure to repair damaged conductors and circuits.
4.2.2 Conductor Repair, Foil Jumper, Film Adhesive Method
Procedure to repair damaged conductors and circuits.
4.2.4 Conductor Repair, Surface Wire Method
Procedure to repair damaged conductors and circuits.
5.1 Plated Hole Repair, No Inner Layer Connection
Procedure to repair damaged plated holes on circuit boards.
5.2 Plated Hole Repair, Double Wall Method
Procedure to repair damaged plated holes on circuit boards.
5.3 Plated Hole Repair, Inner Layer Connection
Procedure to repair damaged plated holes on circuit boards.

Related Feature Articles

How To Restore Missing Internal Layer Connections
Several multilayer backplanes were mistakenly manufactured with missing plating for 24 holes. Learn how this challenging problem ...
How to Select the Right Eyelet for Plated Hole Repair
One of my favorite circuit board repair procedures is Plated Hole Repair. Even in today's high tech world there are still thousands ...
Cutting Circuits and Conductors
Quite often, a rework department is confronted with the task of cutting, rather than establishing, connections. Often called etch cuts ...
Conductor Repair - When Appearance Counts
Repairing a damaged circuit with a wire is commonplace, but the repair will shout out "Look at me, I've been repaired!." When you want ...
Trimming Conductors In Very Tight Places
Anyone familiar with high-frequency and microwave printed circuits understands the sensitive design considerations each requires ...
Isolating a Plated Hole From Ground
Once involved in rework and repair, you quickly realize that all the tools you need to get the job done are just not always available ...
Rework for Missing Ground Connections
This problem deals with a circuit board with a series of plated through holes that are not connected to ground. It would seem easy ...

Related Products

201-3130 Circuit Track Kit
Kit to repair circuit board damage including lands and conductors.
201-3140 Plated Hole Repair Kit
Kit to repair damaged plated holes on circuit boards using eyelets.
110-5202 Eyelet Press
Heavy duty eyelet press designed to set and form eyelets in circuit boards.
201-2100 Professional Repair Kit
Kit to repair circuit board damage including pads, lands, conductors, base material and plated holes.
Need more information?
Use the form on our Contact Us page, or give us a call at 978-374-5000.

BGA Component Reballing

Including BGA component reball service to replace lead-free solder balls with leaded solder balls for high-rel applications.

BGA Component Rework

Including BGA rework, BGA component x-ray services, repair of damaged BGA pads and repair of BGA solder mask damage.

BGA Component Site Modification

This unique procedure uses copper ribbon that fits under the BGA component to provide an electrical path for modification.

Base Board Repair and Rework

Including repair damaged circuit base board laminate, delamination, warp, hole damage, burns, and solder mask damage.

Circuitry and Plated Hole Repair

Including repair of damage to circuitry and plated holes, plus repair of damaged plated holes with inner layer connections.

Coating and Marking Rework

Including rework of conformal coatings and solder mask, and repair of circuit board legend and markings.

Component Rework

Including removal or replacement of surface mount and through hole components, connectors and more.

Component Salvage

Includes removal and salvage of BGA components, surface mount components, connectors and many other component types.

Component Tinning Services

Our tinning or re-tinning services are used to change component leads and pads from one metallic finish to another.

Engineering Change Services

Including ECO, engineering changes, upgrades, modifications, jumper wires, circuit cuts, and other modification procedures.

Gold Edge Contact Plating

Including repair and replating of solder contaminated gold contacts, scratched gold contacts and worn gold contacts.

Inspection Services

Including BGA component and circuit board x-ray inspection services using high-end Dage inspection systems.

Keysight Technologies Adapter Rework

This page explains the process for installing Keysight Technologies DDR2 DRAM BGA Probes onto circuit boards.

Order Tracking Form

Form to send circuit boards to us for repair and rework.

Quote Request

Use this form to request a quote for circuit board repair, rework, modification services.

SMT/BGA Pad Repair

Including repair of damaged, lifted or missing surface mount pads, BGA pads, and BGA pads with with integral via connections.

Terms, Prices, and Delivery

Service terms, prices, and delivery information covering our circuit board repair and rework services.
Customer Comments
"Circuit Technology Center is the first repair and rework company that has been able to get our boards right the first time. Your hassle-free process has helped my own company stay on track. Thanks so much."
P.B. Dublin GA, USA
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